The Net Zero Initiative framework:
a standard for collective carbon neutrality

The Net Zero Initiative project, initiated in June 2018 and led by Carbone 4 in collaboration with a dozen pioneering companies, supported by a high-level scientific council, published its carbon neutrality contribution framework for organizations in April 2020. This document proposes a common language for all actors wishing to steer their climate action in a sincere, ambitious and transparent way towards achieving global net zero emissions, and in line with existing instruments and methodologies. The time for action is now; and to act as effectively as possible, it is crucial that all actors align on the same priorities, the same concepts, and the same horizon.

The Net Zero Initiative 2020-2021 report, published in July 2021, completes this first publication.

Main principles

The Net Zero Initiative framework offers organizations a way to describe and organize their climate action in order to maximize their contribution to global carbon neutrality.

The framework is based on several key principles:

  1. The term "carbon neutrality" (or "net zero") refers only to the goal of balancing emissions and removals on the global scale. This term does not apply to an organization.

  2. Organizations can only contribute to the trajectory towards global carbon neutrality.

  3. Emission reductions and negative emissions (also called "removals") are rigorously distinguished and counted separately.

  4. The concept of "contribution to global neutrality" is extended to the marketing of low-carbon products and services. The "avoided emissions" are separated into two families: those that correspond to a real absolute decrease in the level of emissions, and those that are only a "lesser increase" compared to the initial situation.

  5. Carbon finance can trigger avoided or negative emissions, but cannot "cancel out" the company's operational emissions. It is counted separately.

NZI Matrix

The benchmark is based on the idea that an organization must, at its level, act in three complementary ways in order to contribute to global neutrality.

To contribute to the overall reduction in emissions, a company must:

  1. A. Reduce its own direct and indirect emissions;

  2. B. Reduce the emissions of others:

    • By marketing low-carbon solutions (under certain conditions)
    • By financing low-carbon projects outside its value chain

To contribute to the overall increase in carbon sequestration, it must:

  • C. Increase carbon sinks:

    • By developing carbon absorption in the company processes and in its value chain
    • By financing absorption projects outside its value chain

Les trois piliers, A/ Réduire ses émissions ; B/ Aider les autres à réduire ; C/ Développer les puits de carbone, doivent tous trois être menés de front. Ils sont strictement non-combinables entre eux : ni additionnables, ni soustrayables.

Nous continuons à développer la méthodologie NZI

Le référentiel est basé sur l’idée qu’une organisation doit, à son échelle, agir de trois manières complémentaires en vue de contribuer à la neutralité mondiale.

Publications and webinars

Released in April 2020, the Net Zero Initiative Framework laid the groundwork for an unprecedented interpretation of the "net zero emissions" issue at the corporate level.

NZI guidelines
executive summary

The 2020-2021 work of the Net Zero Initiative, which are complementary to the previously published framework, delved into two major issues:

  • Measuring Pillar B (avoided emissions): what metrics and calculation rules should be applied to measure a company's ability to contribute to the decarbonization of its ecosystem?
  • Setting targets for Pillar C (carbon sinks): what is the right level of contribution to increasing carbon sinks for a company?
2020-2021 report
working groups

Next steps

The 2021-2022 edition will focus on further developing the rules for the calculation of avoided emissions in three sectors of the economy: transportation, buildings and energy industries. Work will also continue on Pillar C.

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NZI is an initiative developed by Carbone 4, a consulting firm specializing in low-carbon strategies and adaptation to climate change. Carbone 4 assists its clients in developing robust and reliable climate strategies, based on the recommendations of the Net Zero Initiative and ADEME.